I'm trying to dynamically create an element query in PHP where the custom field criteria come from an array of strings. Something like this...?

$users = User::find();

foreach ($criteria as $key => $value) {
    // Each key value is the handle for a custom field and the
    // field value used as criteria


How can I use a custom field name in a string as a parameter?

Edit If I don't chain the criteria, I also get a deprecation error when I iterate over $users...Is there a better way to do that, too?


1 Answer 1


You can use the Craft::configure() for that.. imagine your array looks like

$criteria = [
    'age' => ['and', '>=30', '<=50'],
    'enabled' => false
    'status' => null,

You can do

$query = User::find();
Craft::configure($query, $criteria);

$users = $query->all();

Or you can just use the parameter based syntax instead of the functional one

$users->$key = $value;

You'll receive a deprecated error when you don't fetch your users. Your so called $users variable hast actually nothing to do with users it's a really bad name because one might think users store information about a list of users but that's not the case. $users is a Query that looks for elements with the type craft\elements\user in your database. You'll receive your list of users when you execute your Query with one(), all() or something like that.

  • I'll give this a shot and report back. Thanks, Robin! Apr 28, 2018 at 23:48

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